Climate change, danger of nuclear war pose greatest threat to humanity: Experts

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Experts has warned that deteriorating condition of climate and the danger of nuclear war are two of the most prominent threats humanity is currently facing now and brings us closer to doomsday.

According to Kennette Benedict, executive director of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, climate change and nuclear arms race are two factors that “pose extraordinary and undeniable threats to the continued existence of humanity.” Benedict made the statement while moving the “Doomsday Clock” two minutes forward.

“It is now three minutes to midnight,” said Benedict.

Created back in 1947, the Doomsday Clock has been changed 18 times ranging from two minutes to midnight in 1953 to 17 minutes before midnight in 1991. The last time it was changed was in 2012 and since then it was at five minutes to midnight.

Benedict added that world leaders have failed to act at a speed and scale “required to protect citizens from potential catastrophe.”

“We are not saying it is too late to take action, but the window for action is closing rapidly. The world needs to be awakened from its lethargy and start making changes,” Benedict said.

Experts want government to actions that will curb greenhouse gas emissions at permissible levels to keep a check on the increase in global temperatures.

Richard Somerville, a member of the Science and Security Board, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, and a distinguished professor emeritus and research professor at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego has called for reduction in emissions at greater levels as climate change “will harm millions of people and will threaten many key ecological systems on which civilization relies.”

Beyond steps to tackle climate change, scientists are also calling upon governments to dramatically reduce spending on nuclear weapons and increase attention on disarmament. US, Russia, UK, France, India and Israel are among the major countries which are either modernising their nuclear weapons programme or are busy with upgrading their existing nuclear arsenal.

While United States is investing billions to modernise its nuclear weapons systems, Russia is also upgrading its nuclear weapons. UK isn’t actively increasing its nuclear arsenal, but continues to support its nuclear submarine program.

“Israel reportedly is also modernizing some of its undeclared nuclear forces and North Korea as we all know continues its nuclear program without any of the restraints previously applied under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty,” she told reporters.

She said that any post-nuclear optimism that arose at the end of Cold War “has essentially evaporated.”