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Upgraded LHC will help answering more questions on dark matter, Supersymmetry

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The upgraded version of Large Hadron Collider is ready to go live soon next year and scientists are all geared up to dig deeper to look for answers to dark matter, dark energy, Supersymmetry among other questions.

CERN’s Large Hadron Collider would be switched back on in March, hoping that a 97 million pounds upgrade could push it to even greater discoveries, after it found the “God particle” in 2012. The second three year run of the huge atom smasher would begin in March 2015. The Large Hadron Collider has been switched off since its last run finished in 2012.

It was being cooled back down ready for the switch on, and was almost at its operating temperature of 1.9 degrees above absolute zero, or about minus 271.25 degrees Celsius.

Scientists are also looking forward to testing the theory of Supersymmetry, which predicts that every known particle has a corresponding and unknown “super-particle” partner.

There are four main LHC experiments, Alice, LHCb, CMS and Atlas, each of which is centred on one of the huge detectors arranged around its 27 kilometre (17 mile) long beam tunnel ring.

Professor Tara Shears, the head of the University of Liverpool LHCb group, said: “We have unfinished business with understanding the universe.”

Shears added that they are looking forward to all the new data they will be able to collect and find answers about “antimatter, and why there’s so little in the universe.”

“We want to chase the hints we’ve seen in previous measurements, whose behaviour didn’t quite match our expectations, in case these hints turn into discoveries”, Shears added.

“We’ve spent the shut-down readying and improving the LHCb detectors so that we can explore this new data with precision.”

Scientists are also testing out the equipment and earlier in December activated one of the magnets to the level needed for a single particle beam to reach 6.5 TeV. The ultimate goal is to run two beams of proton particles in opposite directions to produce 13 TeV collisions.